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VILNIAUS ZINI0S (The Vilnius News), the first newspaper published in the Lithuanian language after the repeal of the press ban (April 24, 1904). The license to publish the daily was obtained from the Russian government by Petras Vileisis, a financially capable industrialist in Vilnius. As the founder and publisher, he considered himself as the editor in chief, but in fact the editors were Povilas Visinskis, Jonas Kriauciunas, Pranas Klimaitis, Kazys Puida, and Rev. Juozas Tumas-Vaizgantas, who edited the daily for shorter or longer periods. With the change of editors it was hoped to gain a wider appeal among the ideologically different groups of Lithuanian society. The intelligentsia, which was not large at the time, was dominated by Catholic priests and lay persons mostly of left wing socialist orientation. Unable to satisfy these opposing groups, the daily found itself in financial difficulties and in the summer of 1907 Petras Vileisis transferred it to a shareolding company, founded for the purpose of publishing the newspaper and headed by his brother Jonas Vileisis. Stasys Matulaitis, Gabriele Petkevicaite, and Mykolas Birziska joined the editorial staff, and politically the daily now followed a clearly defined socialist trend. But these measures did not help the newspaper's circulation, which had dropped from about 6,000 (1905) to 2,000 (1907). Adding to its problems were the Russian administration fines imposed on the daily. In 1908 its editor was sentenced to two weeks' imprisonment and a 100 ruble fine for printing articles demanding the right to use the Lithuanian language in primary schools, as had been allowed the Poles and Jews in Vilnius. The first issue of Vilniaus zinios appeared on December 10, 1904, and the last on March 4, 1909, in all 1,175 issues.